- All plants need water to survive. Water is transported around all parts of a plant. See this process, known as ‘transpiration’, by trying out the coloured petals activity. Instructions: https://www.fizzicseducation.com.au/150-science-experiments/botany-experiments/make-coloured-petals/ N.B. You can do this activity with a range of different plants including daisies that you pick and even celery!
- Water is transported around plants to keep them healthy and give them the nutrients they need. In leaves, the veins transport the water. Watch this video and replicate it yourself to create leaf skeletons which show each individual vein! Video demonstration and instructions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yW-6H-aP5ys
- Create your own outdoor 3D sculpture garden ornament.
- Make your own sundial. Set it up outside and evaluate how well it works. Write an explanation of how it works. Take photograph of it outside including shadow. Record shadows throughout the day using a tally / frequency chart.
- Design and make a shadow puppet including some translucent and some opaque materials.
- Use a torch, or another light source, to create different shadows at home. What shapes can you make? Can you change the shape and size of your shadows? If so how did you make the shadow bigger / smaller?
- Friction is a force that happens when one surface/object meets another while moving. It opposes this and can slow objects down or stop them moving – this can be useful when designing tyres on bikes and cars. Either: Test which shoes in your house create the most friction (are hardest to move) over carpet OR which surface in your house creates the most friction with a trainer. https://www.ogdentrust.com/resources/phizzi-enquiry-slippy-shoes
- Go on a magnetic material hunt. Using a fridge magnet (if you have one available), go around your house, get up close to different objects and test if they are magnetic. If the fridge magnet sticks to something (or something sticks to your fridge magnet) it must be made of a magnetic material. How many items that are magnetic can you find on your magnetic material hunt at home?
- If you find some magnetic materials on your hunt, why not make a magnet maze game. Instructions: https://www.science-sparks.com/mini-magnet-maze/ or https://www.science-sparks.com/lego-magnet-maze/
- Did you know that compasses work because of magnetism? Make your own compass using simple household materials to find true North in your home. Instructions: https://nationalmaglab.org/education/magnet-academy/try-at-home/make-a-compass
BBC Bitesize has loads of good explanation videos about the different forces.